The human eye produces a liquid called aqueous fluid that is vital to the performance of the eye. However, if the eye produces too much of this fluid, or if the fluid is not properly draining, it increases the pressure within the eye and can cause permanent damage to the optic nerve. This nerve communicates all optical information to the brain. When diseases lead to high pressure within the eye that can result in damage to the optical nerve, it is known as glaucoma and it can lead to permanent vision impairment if it is not diagnosed and treated early. There are multiple types of glaucoma with different symptoms, but all types threaten eye health.
The Types Of Glaucoma
How Glaucoma Is Detected
Since most forms of glaucoma present no symptoms, the only way to know if you are developing glaucoma is to get regular eye exams so the optometrist can check your optic nerve health. When you get an eye exam, your eye doctor will test the pressure of your eye using a tonometry test which directs a puff of air at the eye. You may also have to do a test that measures your field of vision. If glaucoma is suspected, other tests will be administered.
Risk Factors Of Glaucoma
Since most forms of glaucoma do not present symptoms until damage to the eye has already begun, the best way to screen for glaucoma is to get regular eye exams. As a regular component of the eye exams conducted at My Optometrist, glaucoma screening is quick and easy with our professional staff. If there is any indication of glaucoma, the optometrist will administer follow-up glaucoma screenings to determine what type of glaucoma you are suffering from and how to effectively slow the progression. To schedule an eye exam at one of our three convenient locations in Health First in SE Calgary, Sunridge in NE Calgary, or Three Hills, AB, contact us by phone or through the online contact form.
Q: Can glaucoma be cured?
A: There is no known cure for any damage inflicted on the optic nerve as a result of glaucoma, which is why it is so vital to diagnose it in the early stages so that the progression can be slowed.
Q: What are the treatments for glaucoma?
A: Glaucoma related eye damage can be deterred with the use of medicated eye drops, oral medication, and surgery.
Q: Can glaucoma lead to blindness and how long does it take?
A: Because it usually develops slowly, early-onset glaucoma can take about 15 years to cause blindness when left untreated. Since angle-closure glaucoma is a rapidly progressing form of the disease it can lead to blindness much quicker and must be addressed right away.
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