Laser surgery - can treat the tears that lead to retinal detachment by “welding” the retina; making tiny burns surrounding the gap to put the retina back into position. Cryopexy then proceeds to freeze the region around the tear hole, which reattaches the retina.
Gas injection - a gas bubble is injected into the eye, which holds the retina against the eye wall while the doctor works on the areas that need to be treated with laser or cryopexy.
Scleral buckle – A scleral buckle is used when the detachment has spread through a larger area of the retina. This procedure involves placing a miniscule band on the outer side of the eyeball. The band exerts pressure on the eye so the inner wall comes close to the detached retina. Over time, natural pumps reattach the retina to your eye.
Vitrectomy – The vitreous gel is a substance inside your eye giving it shape and structure. When the vitreous gel has separated from the back of the eye, the vitreous needs to be removed to release the pressure and traction on the retina. In a vitrectomy procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the white part of your eye to remove the vitreous. The eye is then injected with a harmless gas which exerts pressure and pushes the retina towards the eye’s inner wall so it can naturally reattach itself.
Sometimes doctors cannot predict the visual outcome among individuals or the rate at which it will deteriorate. The visual outcome after the surgery might be inconclusive even after several months post-surgery.