Amblyopia or Lazy Eye

Amblyopia or Lazy Eye

What is the Amblyopia condition?

Amblyopia occurs when the brain favors optical signals from one eye over the other. Therefore, it results in the ‘lazy eye’ condition resulting in reduced vision of the subservient eye.

What are your chances of getting Amblyopia?

It must be treated in early childhood, otherwise the condition persists into adulthood. If not treated early when detected, the eyes may never achieve normal visual acuity, even with the assistance of contacts or prescribed glasses. This condition is very common in children as an infant vision development and symptoms may be difficult to distinguish. At least 2/3 out of 100 children are affected by this.

What causes Amblyopia?

The causes of Amblyopia can be any number of conditions impairing normal visual development. One of the many causes includes a condition called Strabismus, which is an imbalance in the way both eyes are positioned. On the other hand, if one eye is more astigmatic, farsighted or nearsighted than the other, amblyopia may result from it.

What are the Possible Treatment Options?

Non-surgical treatment – Amblyopia can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam. Almost all forms of what is considered a “normal” astigmatism can be treated and corrected with contact lenses and glasses that are prescribed to the patient.

Irregular astigmatism is less common and affects the cornea. It can be treated through application of gas permeable contact lenses or cornea related procedures.

Medication –
The doctor may prescribe atropine containing eye drops that will temporarily blur out the vision of the dominant eye. This is a harmless procedure so your brain gradually starts favoring your lazy eye.

Eye patch –
This is a method commonly used in children. An eye patch is placed on his/her dominant eye until the amblyopia is cured. This procedure forces the use of lazy eye since the dominant eye can’t see.

Treatments that May Require Surgery

Refractive surgery is also another procedure conducted to correct astigmatism, which involves changing the corneal shape through laser eye surgery. There are multiple types of refractive surgeries and determining which one to use, depends on a patient’s personal condition.

Early detection is the best option as it can easily be treated with atropine or eyepatch in children. Treatment can be effective in children aged between 7 and 17.