What You Need To Know About the Aging Eye

What You Need To Know About the Aging Eye

According to Statistics Canada, the senior age group will account for 20% of the Canadian population by 2024. People age 65 and above will contribute to the increasing vision crisis as it means increased eye diseases and the need for regular eye exams. As we age, our vision and eye health deteriorates. Usually, by early to mid-40s the eyes begin to degenerate. A study showed that by the age of 65, 1 in 9 Canadians will develop vision loss and by age 75, 1 in 4 will have irreversible vision loss (1). The four most common causes are:

  • ataract
  • Glaucoma
  • Macular Degeneration
  • Diabetic Retinopathy

According to the Canadian Optometric Association, here are some ways our vision and eyes change as we get older:

  • Reading small fonts up close becomes harder
  • Difficulty in distinguishing colour shades
  • Adjusting to changes in light takes longer because pupils can be less responsive to changes in light conditions
  • Tear glands produce less tears which can lead to blurry vision, dry eyes, headaches and eye strain
  • Light sensitivity
  • Low vision

As we age, it is important to maintain good eye health to improve our quality of life as well as our economic and social welfare. Visit your optometrist regularly to manage your eye health and vision care.


(1) Eichenbaum, J. W. (2012). Geriatric vision loss due to cataracts, macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, 79(2), 276-294.


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